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What are photography’s seven elements?


A lot more than just art, photography is. It is an ability. Professional photographers invest time in understanding their craft and studying it thoroughly, discovering precisely what is needed to capture an arresting image.

Each of the things a great artist should concentrate on is broken down into seven aspects of photography: shape, form, line, texture, pattern, colour, and space. To a picture, each adds a special quality of their own.

Lighting and composition make up each of the seven fundamental aspects of photography. These two subjects capture the majority of new photographers’ attention.

In addition to the rule of thirds, there are many more compositional strategies in photography, such as symmetry, which uses deceptive tactics like reflections to spice up a plain photo, and depth, which cleverly mixes the foreground and background to give an image life.

Shooting light is another crucial aspect of photography. Finding the way the light interacts with objects is what this means you should be looking for when taking pictures.

Seven basic objects of photography

The first seven components of a composition are essentially the many types of items that can be seen in a photograph, from simple to complicated. These components are independent of all other parts in a picture, as well as the composition’s actual borders.

All of the objects in your shot display some degree of these qualities, sometimes overtly and other times covertly.

1. Points

mountain under starry sky
Photo by Sam Goodgame

A point is the simplest component of a composite. Although they appear to have zero dimensions, points are rather deceiving. With regard to photography, we are a little more tolerant. Simply said, a point in a photograph is a discrete region of interest or the meeting point of two such regions.

Photographic “points” include sky stars, background lights that aren’t in focus, and other objects. The same is true of the intersection formed when two mountains meet, which draws the eye of the observer.
In photography, points are important since they are one of the simplest ways to grab our attention and bring emphasis to a certain region.

2. Lines

man standing in front of wall
Photo by Mag Pole

In contrast to points, which grab the viewer’s attention, lines act more as a guide. They can also serve as a barrier, such as the line separating the sky from the ground.

Similar to how lines in photography are not as strictly defined as lines in geometry. In photography, a line is something that links two areas of a picture or extends across the frame. That includes, for instance, a curved road or a rough mountain ridge.

Sometimes, although being fictitious, lines appear in photographs. Picture a picture of a kid gazing at a toy truck. Although it may appear to be “empty,” the observer is aware that the area between the child and the truck is crucial. Each of the two components of the image is given extra impact by a line that connects them.

3. Shapes

architectural structure photography of spiral stairs
Photo by Agnieszka Cymbalak

Anything may be a shape, from the shape of a smiling face to the crescent moon. It’s tough to generalize because every type of shape has a unique emotional effect on a photograph.

The only thing to be said about every shape is that they have the ability to grab our attention. A circle may be tranquil, a heart is evocative, a triangle dynamic, and so on. Shapes might also be the actual object.

When you capture a photo of the sun, it appears spherical. Sometimes shapes are more abstract, such as when a curved valley and a curved cloud combine to create a photo with a circular composition. Shapes of all kinds are important. The first grabs the viewers’ attention, while the second provides the image with its framework.

4. Texture

Photo by Darren Rowsena

The emotional impact and level of attention an object receives are both significantly influenced by its texture.

The subject of your photograph may occasionally be texture itself, such as sand patterns or water waves. The majority of the time, textures serve as discrete components of a bigger image, either adding depth to your subject or filling in the spaces between objects.

5. Color

Photo by Roman Samborskyi

Color has a significant impact on the composition and mood of a photograph, outside of black and white photography, which is a creative choice all on its own. The issue of how each colour in photography evokes a different set of feelings might take up much more room than is currently available.

Warm hues express greater energy and excitement since they are lively and jump to the front of an image.
Cool hues have a softer, more subdued character, making them calmer overall.

6. Tone

Photo by Photographypla

Tone is a crucial component of composition, both for the photo as a whole and for each individual object. Tone is often used to describe colour hues and intensity, but it may also describe an image’s brightness and darkness, as well as its contrast.

A photograph’s overall feelings can also be affected by its tones on a more general level. Darker photos tend to obscure more of your subject, giving it an enigmatic, intense, and even sophisticated appearance. More etheric and upbeat images can be found in brighter photos.

7. Balance

Photo by Jimmy Drougo

Balance, which is closely related to the idea of visual weight, is the next component of composition. The simple definition of visual weight is the amount of attention that each thing in your image draws.

Every element in your image carries some degree of visual weight. The distribution of visual weight in a photograph is what is meant by balance. An imbalanced image has greater weight on one side than the other, whereas a balanced image has equivalent visual weight on both the left and right parts.


The majority of compositional strategies, from simplicity to emotion, begin with the elements mentioned above. There are more than 10 components of composition, but for photographers, they are the most crucial.

It’s worthwhile to give them some thought while you’re shooting images because they’re some of the simplest to incorporate into your photography.


Writer CreditPanchali Mandal
Digital Showcase of Lens Rider is founded by Nishant Pandey. It is essentially a magazine to guide photographers. Here we put out new blogs everyday having tips and tricks of photography and information about different areas of photography that one can explore.


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